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Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000-2022: special focus on gender

July 2023
Brief summary

The report presents updated national, regional and global estimates for WASH in households for the period 2000 to 2022 and has a special focus on gender

Report highlights

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goal 6 aims to ‘ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all’ and includes targets for universal access to safe drinking water (6.1), and sanitation and hygiene (6.2). Data for the corresponding global indicators are now available for more than 50% of the world’s population but, as we approach the mid-point of the SDG period, the world is not on track to achieve SDG targets 6.1 and 6.2. Achieving universal coverage by 2030 will require a sixfold increase in current rates of progress for safely managed drinking water, a fivefold increase for safely managed sanitation and a threefold increase for basic hygiene services.

The importance of progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene for achieving SDG 5, which aims to ‘realize gender equality and empower all women and girls’, is widely recognized and this report has a special focus on gender to reflect this. Each chapter examines available data related to gender and WASH, indicates how addressing gender inequalities can accelerate progress on WASH, and highlights opportunities for enhanced national and global monitoring in the future